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Dental plaque

Services > Prophylaxis > Dental plaque

Dental plaque

Dental plaque is a sticky film which permanently develops on all teeth surfaces. It is composed of bacteria, food particles and dried saliva.

Dental plaque is a sticky film which permanently develops on all teeth surfaces. It is composed of bacteria, food particles and dried saliva. The build up of plaque at the gumline and in between the teeth may cause cavities due to caries and periodontium disease. The bacteria in plaque are nourishing on sugars contained in food. Acids which result from the metabolism process attack the enamel and lead to cavities The plaque bacteria also produce toxins, which irritate the gums, and cause pain, red, swollen and bleeding gums.

These are typical signs of gingivitis (gum inflammation). When remaining undetected, ignored or untreated, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, which does  damage rhe tooth-carrying bone. As you can see, brushing your teeth and cleaning between the teeth with floss or other interdental cleaning tools to remove plaque is essential in maintaining healthy teeth and gums.